(born: Barcelona, bap. 14 Feb 1778; died: Paris, 10 July 1839) Spanish composer and guitarist. After leaving Spain he lived in Paris (1813-15 and from 1826) and London (1815-26) and visited Russia (1823). He was a famous concert performer and wrote over 60 guitar works (sonatas, studies, variations etc) and an important method (1830). His guitar music is notable for its part-writing. He was also admired for his songs and eight ballets (1821-8); other works include an opera (1797) and chamber and keyboard pieces.